Biomechanical analysis of the technique of mens high jump world record holder Zhu Jianghua (Biomechanical analysis of Zhus technique). Gespeichert in. Ukraine teenager Yaroslava Mahuchikh soared to an under indoor world record metres with the best high jump of the season at Karlsruhe on Friday on. Luis Zaya in the high jump in Banska Bystrica The only Cuban to jump higher than Zayas indoors is world record-holder Javier Sotomayor.
Deutsch-Englisch-WörterbuchHigh jump world record holder Stefka Kostadinova. Record: 6 feet, 10¼ inches amazing. Sie stellte den Weltrekord im Hochsprung auf. She set the world record for the high jump. Luis Zaya in the high jump in Banska Bystrica The only Cuban to jump higher than Zayas indoors is world record-holder Javier Sotomayor.
High Jump World Record Navigation menu VideoThe Highest Ever Olympic High Jumps! - Top Moments Jun 15, - Javier Sotomayor set up a new world record in at Salamanca spain adidas always with the best athltes in the world and making history with. santastrainrides.com | Übersetzungen für 'high jump world record' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für high jump world record im Online-Wörterbuch santastrainrides.com (Deutschwörterbuch). Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. High Jump. Diese Beispiele können umgangssprachliche Wörter, die auf der Grundlage Ihrer Suchergebnis enthalten. Wilson, Gale, Sylwester Bednarek and Edgar Rivera also had a clear card at that point, but the latter went out at the next height, 2. Ulrike Meyfarth wins her second Olympic gold medal after in the Bet365 Ergebnisse jump.
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Javier Sotomayor Cuba is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2. Stefka Kostadinova Bulgaria has held the women's world record at 2.
Jumpers must take off on one foot. A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance.
The technique one uses for the jump must be almost flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar. Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion.
Most competitions state that three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition.
The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final. Tie-breakers are used for any place in which scoring occurs.
If two or more jumpers tie for one of these places, the tie-breakers are: 1 the fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2 the fewest misses throughout the competition.
If the event remains tied for first place or a limited advancement position to a subsequent meet , the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height.
Each jumper has one attempt. The bar is then alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height.
The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique.
In later years, soon then after, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion.
Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to change, beginning with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off. By taking off like the scissors and extending his spine and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney raised the world record to 1.
Another American, George Horine , developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar.
Horine increased the world standard to 2. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of , in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.
American and Soviet jumpers were the most successful for the next four decades, and they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique.
Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their belly-down torso around the bar, obtaining the most efficient and highest clearance of the bar up to that time.
Straddle-jumper, Charles Dumas , was the first to clear 7 feet 2. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years. The elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.
However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University , Dick Fosbury , who would bring the high jump into the next century.
Taking advantage of the raised, softer landing areas by then in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would likely have broken his neck in the old, sawdust landing pits.
After he used this Fosbury flop to win the Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, and soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions.
The last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko , who cleared 2. Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.
The most important aspect to put of all pieces of the jump together is the body mechanics the jumper uses to jump. Technique and form has evolved greatly over the history of high jump.
The popularity of a style depend upon the time period as listed here:. The Fosbury Flop is currently deemed as the most efficient way for competitors of the event to propel themselves over the bar.
Still depending on the individual athletes specific strengths and weaknesses there are variations on the separate pieces that make up the jump. For a Fosbury flop depending on the athletes jump foot they will start on the right of left of the mat.
Placing their jump foot furthest away from the high jump mat. The athlete will have an eight to ten step approach in total, the last five steps being a curve with three or five steps before on a straight.
The athlete will want to mark their approach to attempt to find as much consistency as possible. The approach run of the high jump may actually be more important than the take-off.
If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing a high bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides.
The approach angle is also critical for optimal height. The straight run will build the momentum and set the tone for the athletes jump.
The athlete will start by pushing off with the take off foot with slow powerful steps then begin to quicken and accelerate them.
The athlete should be tall and running up right by the end of their three or five steps. On the first step of the curve the athletes take off foot will be landing, they will want to continue accelerating and curving focusing the body towards the opposite back corner of the high jump mat.
While staying tall, erect, and leaning away from the mat the athlete should make sure that their final two steps are flat footed, rolling from the heel to toe as well as being the quickest steps.
Most great straddle jumpers have a run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the person's approach.
A slower run requires about 8 strides. However, a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. A greater run speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward.
The J type approach, favored by Fosbury floppers, allows for horizontal speed, the ability to turn in the air centripetal force , and good take-off position.
This allows for horizontal momentum to turn into vertical momentum, propelling the jumper off the ground and over the bar.
The approach should be a hard controlled stride so that a person does not fall from creating an angle with speed. Athletes should run tall and lean on the curve, from the ankles and not the hips.
This allows the correct angle to force their hips to rotate during take-off, which allows their center of gravity to pass under the bar.
The take off can have slight variations depending on what feels most natural to the athlete. The double arm take off and the single arm take off.
With most things in common, for both the athlete should make sure not to take off at the center of the bar.
The plant foot should be the foot furthest away from the bar, angled towards the opposite back corner of the matt, and driving the non take off leg knee up.
Keeping in mind this is a vertical jump pushing all force straight up. This will be accompanied with a one or two arm swing while driving the knee.
Unlike the classic straddle technique, where the take-off foot is "planted" in the same spot at every height, flop-style jumpers must adjust their take-off as the bar is raised.
Their approach run must be adjusted slightly so that their take-off spot is slightly further out from the bar in order to allow their hips to clear the bar while still maintaining enough momentum to carry their legs across the bar.
Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort, and they brush the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall out in mid-air.
An effective approach shape can be derived from physics. For example, the rate of backward spin required as the jumper crosses the bar to facilitate shoulder clearance on the way up and foot clearance on the way down can be determined by computer simulation.
This rotation rate can be back-calculated to determine the required angle of lean away from the bar at plant, based on how long the jumper is on the take-off foot.
This information, together with the jumper's speed in the curve, can be used to calculate the radius of the curved part of the approach. This is a lot of work and requires measurements of running speed and time of take-off foot on the ground.
However, one can work in the opposite direction by assuming an approach radius and watching the resulting backward rotation.
This only works if some basic rules are followed in how one executes the approach and take-off. Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach.
One drill is to run in a straight line the linear part of the approach and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size, two to three times in a row.
The athlete's non take off leg knee will naturally turn their body placing them in the air with their back to the bar.
The athlete will then drive their shoulders to the back of their feet arching their body over the bar. The athlete can look over their right should then judge appropriately when to kick both feet over their head causing their body to miss the bar and land on the mat.
In high jump, it helps if the athlete is tall, has long legs, and limited weight on their body. They must have a strong lower body and flexibility will help a lot as well.
High jumpers tend to go through very vigorous training methods to achieve this ideal body frame. High jumpers must have a fast approach so it is crucial to work on speed and also speed endurance.
Many high jump competitions may take hours and athletes must make sure they have the endurance to last the entire competition.
Common sprint endurance workouts for high jumpers include , , and meter training. Other speed endurance training methods such as hill training or a ladder workout may also be used.
It is crucial for high jumpers to have strong lower bodies and cores, as the bar progressively gets higher, the strength of an athlete's legs along with speed and technique will help propel them over the bar.
Squats , deadlifts , and core exercises will help a high jumper to achieve these goals. It is important, however, for a high jumper to keep a slim figure as any unnecessary weight makes it difficult to jump higher.
Arguably the most important training for a high jumper is plyometric training. Because high jump is such a technical event, any mistake in the technique could either lead to failure, injury, or both.
To prevent these from happening, high jumpers tend to focus heavily on plyometrics. This includes hurdle jumps, flexibility training, skips, or scissor kick training.
Plyometric workouts tend to be performed at the beginning of the workout. Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships :.
Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.
All time lists of athletes with the highest recorded jumps above their own height. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Track and field event. Canadian high jumper Nicole Forrester demonstrating the Fosbury flop. See also: Men's high jump world record progression , Women's high jump world record progression , and Men's high jump indoor world record progression.
Men [ edit ] Year Mark Athlete Place 2. Archived from the original PDF on October 11, Retrieved October 10, Archived from the original on November 23, Retrieved February 11, Archived from the original on Retrieved Retrieved on Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 14 June Diamond League - Lausanne.
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Retrieved October 20, Retrieved Athletics record progressions. High jump men outdoor men indoor women Long jump men women Triple jump Pole vault men men indoor women women indoor.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.27 July On 27 July , Cuba’s Javier Sotomayor leapt m (8 ft in) in Salamanca, Spain. No one else has ever jumped above 8 ft ( m). All records listed on our website are current and up-to-date. World Records Stefka KOSTADINOVA: BUL Stadio Olimpico, Roma (ITA) World Leading The high jump world record is meters (8 ft in), by Javier Sotomayor of Cuba, who achieved this height on the 27th of July in Salamanca (see High Jump Record videos). Sotomayor also holds the indoor world record of meters (7 ft in). In , Russia’s Yuri Stepanov became the first non-American to own the men’s world high jump record as he cleared / His accomplishment was controversial because he wore unusual – but legal – thick-soled shoes that some believed acted as a springboard. The shoes were soon banned by the IAAF, but Stepanov’s record stood. vii, – When measurements were taken in feet and inches the bar could be raised, for record-attempt purposes, in increments of one-quarter inch. Using the metric system a new record must be (at least) one centimeter higher. In , American Dwight Stones was the first Fosbury Flop jumper to set a world record.